Wednesday, September 8, 2021. New York City – On Wednesday, September 1, 2021, I saw this gorgeous orange and creamy/yellow mushroom in Prospect Park, in the borough of Brooklyn, New York City.
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NEVER eat mushrooms that you do not know. Some mushrooms are poisonous and ingesting them will lead you to the hospital or to death.
I did not know anything about this mushroom. I found on the Internet that it is a sulphur shelf mushroom, chicken of the woods, the chicken mushroom, or the chicken fungus. It is an edible mushroom.
“Laetiporus is a genus of edible mushrooms found throughout much of the world. Some species, especially Laetiporus sulphureus, are commonly known as sulphur shelf, chicken of the woods, the chicken mushroom, or the chicken fungus because it is often described as tasting like and having a texture similar to that of chicken meat. The name “chicken of the woods” is not to be confused with another edible polypore, Maitake (Grifola frondosa) known as “hen of the woods”, or with Lyophyllum decastes, known as the “fried chicken mushroom”. The name Laetiporus means “with bright pores”.
Individual “shelves” range from 5 to 25 cm (2 to 10 inches) across. These shelves are made up of many tiny tubular filaments (hyphae). The mushroom grows in large brackets – some have been found that weigh over 45 kg (100 pounds). It is most commonly found on wounds of trees, mostly oak, though it is also frequently found on eucalyptus, yew, sweet chestnut, and willow, as well as conifers in some species. Laetiporus species are parasitic and produce brown rot in the host on which they grow.
Young fruiting bodies are characterized by a moist, rubbery, sulphur-yellow to orange body sometimes with bright orange tips. Older brackets become pale and brittle almost chalk-like, mildly pungent, and are often dotted with beetle or slug/woodlouse holes. Similar species include Laetiporus gilbertsonii (fluorescent pink, more amorphous) and L. coniferica (common in the western United States, especially on red fir trees). Edibility traits for the different species have not been well documented, although all are generally considered edible with caution.
The sulphur shelf mushroom sometimes comes back year after year when the weather suits its sporulation preferences. From late spring to early autumn, the sulphur shelf thrives, making it a boon to mushroom hunters and a bane to those concerned about the health of their trees. This fungus causes a brown cubical rot and embrittlement which in later stages ends in the collapse of the host tree, as it can no longer flex and bend in the wind.
The mushroom can be prepared in most ways that one can prepare chicken meat. It can also be used as a substitute for chicken in a vegetarian diet. Additionally, it can be frozen for long periods of time and retain its edibility. In certain parts of Germany and North America, it is considered a delicacy.
In some cases eating the mushroom “causes mild reactions … for example, “swollen lips” or in rare cases “nausea, vomiting, dizziness and disorientation” to those who are sensitive. This is believed to be due to a number of factors that include allergies to the mushroom’s protein or toxins which are only somewhat stable at high temperatures. As such, many field guides request that those who eat Laetiporus exercise caution by only eating fresh, young brackets and begin with small quantities to see how well it sits in their stomach.
Laetiporus sulphureus has a potent ability to inhibit staph bacteria (Staphylococcus aureus), as well as moderate ability to inhibit the growth of Bacillus subtilis.”_Wikipedia.org
The city of skyscrapers
New York City is known as the city of skyscrapers, but NYC does not have the most skyscrapers.
List of cities by number of completed skyscrapers taller than 150 m (492 ft). This is a list which ranks cities that have at least 10 completed skyscrapers as of August 2021 that are taller than 150 m (492 ft).
1 – Hong Kong, China: 482 skyscrapers.
2 – Shenzhen, China: 297 skyscrapers.
3 – New York City, United States of America: 290 skyscrapers.
4 – Dubai, United Arab Emirates: 215 skyscrapers.
5 – Shanghai, China: 166 skyscrapers.
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